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The basic principles of air navigation are identical to general navigation, which includes the process of planning, recording, and controlling the movement of a craft from one place to another. Successful air navigation involves piloting an aircraft from place to place without getting lost, breaking the laws applying to aircraft, or endangering the safety of those on board or on the ground. Air navigation differs from the navigation of surface craft in several ways; Aircraft travel at relatively high speeds, leaving less time to calculate their position on route. Aircraft normally cannot stop in mid-air to ascertain their position at leisure. Aircraft are safety-limited by the amount of fuel they can carry; a surface vehicle can usually get lost, run out of fuel, then simply await rescue.

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  • Air navigation
  • Flugnavigation
  • Navegación aérea
  • Navigation aérienne
  • Navigazione aerea
  • Luchtvaartnavigatie
  • Navegação aérea
  • Воздушная навигация
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  • La navegación aérea es el conjunto de técnicas y procedimientos que permiten conducir eficientemente una aeronave a su lugar de destino, asegurando la integridad de los tripulantes, pasajeros, y de los que están en tierra. La navegación aérea se basa en la observación del cielo, del terreno, y de los datos aportados por los instrumentos de vuelo.
  • La navigation aérienne est l'ensemble des techniques permettant à un pilote d'aéronef de maîtriser ses déplacements. La navigation permet à l'aéronef de suivre une trajectoire appelée route aérienne.
  • La navigazione aerea è l'attitudine del pilota a condurre un aeromobile in sicurezza da un punto all'altro della superficie terrestre lungo una rotta prestabilita. Esistono almeno 8 tipi di navigazione: , , , , , , ed , che saranno descritti brevemente in seguito.
  • Luchtvaartnavigatie omvat de techniek en de middelen om in de lucht te navigeren. Het verschil tussen navigatie ter zee en op het land is dat in het luchtruim naast lengte- en breedtegraad een derde dimensie een rol speelt: de hoogte waarop men zich bevindt.
  • Navegação aérea é uma maneira de conduzir um veículo voador de um lugar a outro em segurança, pode ser um balão, um dirigível ou qualquer artefato próprio para voar. A Navegação aérea requer uma orientação constante, seja por conhecimento da região ou no interior das nuvens usando o recurso da agulha magnética ou ainda, à noite, usando como referencial as estrelas. A seguir vemos alguns tipos de orientação.
  • The basic principles of air navigation are identical to general navigation, which includes the process of planning, recording, and controlling the movement of a craft from one place to another. Successful air navigation involves piloting an aircraft from place to place without getting lost, breaking the laws applying to aircraft, or endangering the safety of those on board or on the ground. Air navigation differs from the navigation of surface craft in several ways; Aircraft travel at relatively high speeds, leaving less time to calculate their position on route. Aircraft normally cannot stop in mid-air to ascertain their position at leisure. Aircraft are safety-limited by the amount of fuel they can carry; a surface vehicle can usually get lost, run out of fuel, then simply await rescue.
  • Die Flugnavigation befasst sich mit der planmäßigen Bewegung von Luftfahrzeugen im Raum, einschließlich theoretischer Grundlagen, Flugplanung und Durchführung. Bei der Flugnavigation werden die gleichen Techniken wie allgemein in der Navigation verwendet, allerdings mit einer anderen Gewichtung. Jedes Fluggerät, ob Ballon, Segelflugzeug, Motorflugzeug oder Strahlflugzeug („Jet“) bewegt sich mit einer ihm eigenen Geschwindigkeit im dreidimensionalen Raum. Daher muss ein Pilot, um sicher zu navigieren, folgende fünf Bestimmungen durchführen können:
  • Воздушная навигация (аэронавигация) — наука о методах и средствах вождения воздушного судна (ВС) по заданной или оперативно выбираемой пространственно-временной траектории. При решении задач воздушной навигации ВС рассматривается в качестве точечного объекта, местоположение которого совпадает с центром масс ВС, и таким образом задачи навигации сводятся к задачам по управлению движением центра масс ВС.
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