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In non-functional linguistics, a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked. In functional linguistics, a sentence is a unit of written texts delimited by graphological features such as upper case letters and markers such as periods, question marks, and exclamation marks. This notion opposes that of the curve, which is delimited by phonologic features such as pitch and loudness and markers such as pauses. This notion also opposes a clause, which is a sequence of words that represents some process going on throughout time. This entry is mainly about sentence in its non-functional sense, though much work in functional linguistics is indirectly cited or considered such as the categories of Speech Act Theory.

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  • جملة
  • Sentence (linguistics)
  • Satz (Grammatik)
  • Oración (gramática)
  • Phrase
  • Frase
  • Zin (taalkunde)
  • Zdanie
  • Предложение (лингвистика)
  • Período (gramática)
  • 句子
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  • الجملة في النحو العربي هو كل لفظ سواء كان مفيد أو غير مفيد، فإذا كان مفيد سمي جملة مفيدة أو كلاماً، وإن لم يكن مفيد سمي جملة غير مفيدة.
  • Ein Satz ist eine aus einem Wort oder mehreren Wörtern bestehende in sich geschlossene sprachliche Einheit. Definitionen des Satzbegriffs sind in verschiedenen Perspektiven gegeben worden, die sich miteinander nicht decken. Vor allem kann der Begriff Satz in grammatischer Hinsicht definiert werden, als größte Einheit, die durch die Regeln der Syntax erzeugt werden kann, oder in kommunikativer Hinsicht als die kleinste Verständigungseinheit, mit der eine Sprechhandlung (ein Sprechakt) vollzogen wird.
  • 文(ぶん)とは、一つの完結した言明を表す言語表現の単位である。基本的には主語と述語(一方が省略されることもある)からなる。ただし、これに加えて話題(主題、題目)が重視される場合もある。
  • Een zin is een verzameling woorden, die in de juiste volgorde een complete en begrijpelijke tekst opleveren. Zinnen vormen de samenstellende onderdelen van proza.
  • Предложе́ние (в языке) — это единица языка, которая представляет собой грамматически организованное соединение слов (или слово), обладающее смысловой и интонационной законченностью. С точки зрения пунктуации, предложение как законченная единица речи оформляется в конце точкой, восклицательным или вопросительным знаками — или многоточием. Также предложение является синонимом «фразы».
  • 句子或称语句,指构成语言的基本单位,句子带有语调,大部分语言的句子带有限定动词,按照一定的语法规则组织,具有完整的意义。 按照语言的语法规则,每个句子至少包含主语、谓语和宾语等构成句子的成分(句子成分)。分类上,句子既可按照结构分,也可以按照使用目的分类。句子的停顿、句子与句子则用标点符号连接。
  • Período é uma frase que possui pelo menos uma oração. Existem os seguintes tipos de período: * Período simples: constituído de uma só oração (um verbo ou locução verbal); esta oração é, portanto, uma oração absoluta. Exemplo: João ofereceu um livro a Joana. * Período composto: constituído de duas orações (dois verbos ou locuções verbais). Os períodos compostos são formados por coordenação ou por subordinação. Exemplo: O povo anseia que haja uma eleição justa. * Período misto: constituído por três ou mais orações (três ou mais verbos ou locuções verbais), apresentando a mistura da coordenação e da subordinação. Ele amava e sufocava a vida da mulher que libertara da prisão. (a primeira e segunda orações são coordenadas; a terceira oração é subordinada à segunda)
  • In non-functional linguistics, a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked. In functional linguistics, a sentence is a unit of written texts delimited by graphological features such as upper case letters and markers such as periods, question marks, and exclamation marks. This notion opposes that of the curve, which is delimited by phonologic features such as pitch and loudness and markers such as pauses. This notion also opposes a clause, which is a sequence of words that represents some process going on throughout time. This entry is mainly about sentence in its non-functional sense, though much work in functional linguistics is indirectly cited or considered such as the categories of Speech Act Theory.
  • La definición más tradicional, didáctica y breve, aunque también la menos exacta, es la de que «oración es el conjunto de palabras que tiene sentido completo y autonomía sintáctica». Su fin es destacar el hecho de que la oración, práctica- o pragmáticamente, es el fragmento más pequeño del discurso que comunica una idea completa y posee autonomía e independencia (es decir, podría sacarse del contexto y seguir comunicando). La oración se efectúa en un contexto y situación determinados y, con frecuencia, con el apoyo de otros códigos de signos no lingüísticos concurrentes, como los gestos.
  • En grammaire, une phrase peut être considérée comme un ensemble autonome, réunissant des unités syntaxiques organisées selon différents réseaux de relations plus ou moins complexes appelés subordination, coordination ou juxtaposition.
  • La frase è un'espressione linguistica dotata di significato, contenente una predicazione e "tutti gli elementi necessari per la sua completezza". Può essere anche definita come un insieme di parole che si combinano tra loro secondo precise regole grammaticali ed è la massima sequenza di un testo in cui vigono relazioni sintattiche e in cui le parole seguono un certo ordine. Il termine deriva dal greco φράσις ("frase", "locuzione", "espressione", "stile", "dicitura", "modo di parlare") e dal verbo φράζω ("rendo chiaro", "indico con segni", "dico", "spiego", "chiarisco").
  • Zdanie (łac. sententia) – w językoznawstwie termin ten oznacza wypowiedzenie, służące do zakomunikowania jakiejś treści. Aby wypowiedzenie było zdaniem, musi zawierać orzeczenie. W języku polskim podmiot może pozostać domyślny ze względu na możliwość zidentyfikowania wykonawcy czynności na podstawie końcówki fleksyjnej czasownika w orzeczeniu. Zdaniem jest również tak krótkie wypowiedzenie jak: Wyszedłem. – w którym podmiotem – wykonawcą czynności jest "ja" (forma czasownika sugeruje, że jest to pierwsza osoba liczby pojedynczej).
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  • الجملة في النحو العربي هو كل لفظ سواء كان مفيد أو غير مفيد، فإذا كان مفيد سمي جملة مفيدة أو كلاماً، وإن لم يكن مفيد سمي جملة غير مفيدة.
  • Ein Satz ist eine aus einem Wort oder mehreren Wörtern bestehende in sich geschlossene sprachliche Einheit. Definitionen des Satzbegriffs sind in verschiedenen Perspektiven gegeben worden, die sich miteinander nicht decken. Vor allem kann der Begriff Satz in grammatischer Hinsicht definiert werden, als größte Einheit, die durch die Regeln der Syntax erzeugt werden kann, oder in kommunikativer Hinsicht als die kleinste Verständigungseinheit, mit der eine Sprechhandlung (ein Sprechakt) vollzogen wird.
  • In non-functional linguistics, a sentence is a textual unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked. In functional linguistics, a sentence is a unit of written texts delimited by graphological features such as upper case letters and markers such as periods, question marks, and exclamation marks. This notion opposes that of the curve, which is delimited by phonologic features such as pitch and loudness and markers such as pauses. This notion also opposes a clause, which is a sequence of words that represents some process going on throughout time. This entry is mainly about sentence in its non-functional sense, though much work in functional linguistics is indirectly cited or considered such as the categories of Speech Act Theory. A sentence can include words grouped meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request, command or suggestion.A sentence is a set of words that in principle tells a complete thought (although it may make little sense taken in isolation out of context); thus it may be a simple phrase, but it conveys enough meaning to imply a clause, even if it is not explicit. For example, "Two" as a sentence (in answer to the question "How many were there?") implies the clause "There were two". Typically a sentence contains a subject and predicate. A sentence can also be defined purely in orthographic terms, as a group of words starting with a capital letter and ending in a full stop. In the teaching of writing skills (composition skills), students are generally required to express (rather than imply) the elements of a sentence, leading to the schoolbook definition of a sentence as one that must [explicitly] include a subject and a verb. For example, in second-language acquisition, teachers often reject one-word answers that only imply a clause, commanding the student to "give me a complete sentence", by which they mean an explicit one. As with all language expressions, sentences might contain function and content words and contain properties such as characteristic intonation and timing patterns. Sentences are generally characterized in most languages by the inclusion of a finite verb, e.g. "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog".
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