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Forecasting is the process of making predictions of the future based on past and present data and most commonly by analysis of trends. A commonplace example might be estimation of some variable of interest at some specified future date. Prediction is a similar, but more general term. Both might refer to formal statistical methods employing time series, cross-sectional or longitudinal data, or alternatively to less formal judgmental methods. Usage can differ between areas of application: for example, in hydrology the terms "forecast" and "forecasting" are sometimes reserved for estimates of values at certain specific future times, while the term "prediction" is used for more general estimates, such as the number of times floods will occur over a long period.

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rdf:type
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  • Forecasting
  • تنبؤ
  • Pronóstico (estadística)
  • Prévision
  • Forecast
  • Прогностика
  • Previsão (estatística)
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  • Een forecast is een term die veelal gebruikt wordt in supply chain management. Het is een voorspelling van de toekomstige vraag in de markt naar een bepaald product. Op grond van de forecast kan een leverancier de benodigde grondstoffen bestellen of fabriceren om aan de verwachte toekomstige vraag naar het product te kunnen voldoen.
  • Прогностика — наука для предсказания будущего. Философия ставит две проблемы прогнозирования (футурологии): первая — будущее не существует как объект, вторая — прогнозирование как исследование тенденций развития бытия — не есть наука. В то же время любая теория, любая форма общественного сознания предполагает размышления о будущем, без надежды на будущее нет смысла настоящего. Прогнозирование и планирование — одна из основных функций менеджмента. Для прогнозирования используют статистические методы и методы на основе экспертных оценок.
  • Forecasting is the process of making predictions of the future based on past and present data and most commonly by analysis of trends. A commonplace example might be estimation of some variable of interest at some specified future date. Prediction is a similar, but more general term. Both might refer to formal statistical methods employing time series, cross-sectional or longitudinal data, or alternatively to less formal judgmental methods. Usage can differ between areas of application: for example, in hydrology the terms "forecast" and "forecasting" are sometimes reserved for estimates of values at certain specific future times, while the term "prediction" is used for more general estimates, such as the number of times floods will occur over a long period.
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (فبراير 2016)25بك هذه مقالة غير مراجعة. ينبغي أن يزال هذا القالب بعد أن يراجعها محرر ما عدا الذي أنشأها؛ إذا لزم الأمر فيجب أن توسم المقالة بقوالب الصيانة المناسبة. (ديسمبر 2013)
  • Pronóstico es el proceso de estimación en situaciones de incertidumbre. El término predicción es similar, pero más general, y usualmente se refiere a la estimación de series temporales o datos instantáneos. El pronóstico ha evolucionado hacia la práctica del plan de demanda en el pronóstico diario de los negocios. La práctica del plan de demanda también se refiere al pronóstico de la cadena de suministros. 2. Pronósticos a mediano plazo: Abarca un lapso de seis meses a tres años. Este se utilizan para estimar planes de ventas, producción, flujos de efectivo y elaboración de presupuestos.
  • Previsão, em estatística é o preocesso de estimativas em situações de incertezas. O termo previsão é semelhante, porém mais geral, e normalmente se refere a estimação de séries tempoais ou dados instantâneos. O previsão se evoluiu para a prática do plano de demanda diária em o prognóstico diario dos negócios. A prática do plano de demanda tembém se refere à previsão de cadeia de suprimentos. 2. Previsões a médio prazo: Abrange um período de seis meses a três anos. É usado para estimar planos de vendas, produção, fluxo de caixa e elaboração de orçamento.
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